A Roll-Call of Spanish Anarchists in the French Resistance and Escape Lines part one

We have always been told that anarchist involvement in the French resistance was very small. Today we are going to help dismantle that fiction.



Hello, readers, here are are again. I have been mulling over for some time whether or not to include a list of male and female libertarians who were part of the French Resistance and the escape lines, as the list would be a long one. In the end I have decided and here I am publishing it, as I reckon there are more and more people looking for mentions of their grandparents or great-grandparents and, with a bit of luck, some may stumble upon the very name they have been searching for.

I have also decided to do so as a bit of a contrarian. It looked as if nearly all of those who took part in the maquis in France must have been communists and that there was only a token presence of anarchists and socialists. I have here a list of 800 names, which I will be released in four instalments (more or less), lest the list go on forever, and which challenges that belief.

These are names that have cropped up during about two years of research. And best of all it turns out that in addition to those 800 names there are at least 2,500 or 3,000 others, but I cannot say how many we will be able to come up with, nor how long it will take us to do so.

Whenever there was any mention made of libertarian participation in the “Resistance”, names from the Libertad Battalion always featured, or names from the L’Aigle dam groups and passing reference made to their involvement in the Ariège department or in the Massif Central. We shall see that the anarchist rank-and-file was active throughout France, whether within the ranks of the Agrupación de Guerrilleros Españoles or in autonomous units outside of the reach of PCE domination, as in the case of a huge range of French resistance units.

And by way of a sample and to gauge the extent of their activity, let it be said that in L’Aveyron, alongside Antonio Téllez, there were another 37 CNT members in the UNE’s 9th Brigade. And 46 CNT personnel operating in the Hautes Pyrénées region in October 1944. That information was provided by Luis Pérez. To take another example: there were 35 CNT members involved in the Inphi group in Nièvre. Maybe more, as there was not one 75-strong group, but two such groups of Spanish libertarians in the Didier Battalion. The first was commanded by J. Montoliu and we have the names of every last one of them. Not so for the second group: allegedly, following threats made by the UNE, about a hundred libertarians from Feixac (Lot department), serving in a GTE (Foreign Labour Group) joined the Didier Battalion under the command of Manuel Barbosa. There is evidence estimating the number of Spanish libertarians in the Pic Violent maquis at 300. According to the Soli published by the ACUN (National Union CNT Agrupación) on 24-9-1944, in the Ariège department alone there were 120 CNT members already on the Spanish side of the border as part of Operation ‘Reconquista de España’. And it was also reported that the number of anarchists with the Xth Brigade in the Basses Pyrénées was 76. In the Lot department, the Koufra maquis group had 30 guerrilleros, 16 of which were Spanish CNT members … and we could go on. But that would take forever, so on to the list proper.

__________________________________________________________________________________

A GUIDE TO THE SOURCES ABBREVIATED

@ = Miguel Iñíguez’s Enciclopedia histórica del anarquismo español

@2 = Enciclopedia histórica del anarquismo ibérico (Miguel Iñíguez)

Dictionnaire = Dictionnaire des militants anarchistes (http://militants-anarchistes.info/)

Ultima gesta = Ultima gesta, los republicanos que vencieron a Hitler (Secundino Serrano)

Ultimo frente = El último frente (Julio Aróstegui and Jorge Marco)

Republicanos españoles = Republicanos españles en la 2a guerra mundial (Eduardo Pons i Prades)

Anarcoefe- Anarco efemérides (http://anarcoefemerides.balearweb.net/)

Red de evasión = La red de evasión del grupo Ponzán (Antonio Téllez)

Maquis anarquista = El maquis anarquista (Ferrán Sánchez Agustí) plus updates

Angüés = Memorias de un anarquista de Angüés (Martín Arnal)

Archivo = my own archives

ArcPat = Archivo Patxiacrata

SenderosSenderos de la libertad (Eduardo Pons i Prades)

Historia atentado = Historia de un atentado aereo contra el general Franco (Antonio Téllez)

Los de la sierra = http://losdelasierra.info/

Dossiers noirsLes dossiers noirs d’une certaine résistance (Cercle d’études sociales de Perpignan)

Bribes d’histoire = https://oscarespagne.wordpress.com/category/histoire and

https: //oscarespagne.wordpress.com/category/histoire/

Guerra secreta = La guerra secreta del Pirineu 1939-1944 (Daniel Arasa)

ACUN = Agrupación Cenetista de Unión Nacional. Most of the information regarding those who belonged to the ACUN, where no other reference is cited, have been lifted from various issues of the version of Solidaridad Obrera published by the ACUN and sent to us by Miguel Sans.

O movement = O movement libertario en Galiza (36-76) (Dionisio Pereira and Eliseo Fernández)

Efeanar = http://efemeridesanarquistas1septiembre2012.blogspot.com.es/

Gran cap = Foro Gran Capitán

Asesinados = http://angelmanuel-gonzalezfernandez.blogspot.com.es/3010/exiliados-y-maquis-asesinados-por-los-html

Les anars = http://cerclelibertairejb33.free.fr/?pageid=430

BayoLos atentados contra Franco (Eliseo Bayo)

Daniel Arasa = La guerra secreta del pirineu (1939-1944) (Daniel Arasa)

Est = Esteban Larroy Latorre. Une vie en roman

Maquis alt ara = Maquis en el alto Aragón (Ferrán Sánchez)

Josep Ester = Josep Ester papers at the International Institute for Social History in Amsterdam

B Libertad 3a = Batallón Libertad. 3a entrega, Cazafortines

Maquis et = Maquis et justice militaire (Antoine Fraile)

CNT Puerto Real = http://puertoreal.cnt.es/bibliograias-anarquistas/6173-antonio-escartin-anarcosindicalista-de-huesca.html

Evelyn = Archives of historian Evelyn Mesquida

Nordest = http://nordestlibertari.blogspot.com/2016/04/memoria-proletaria-del-nord-est-el-3.html

TH = Tiempo de Historia (José Fortea)

Remiro = Agustín Remiro (Antonio Téllez)

Arte = El arte de volar (Quim and Altarriba)

Ca 16 = Cambio 16, 26-12-76

Eter = El eterno descontento (Juan Català)

Mod = La Model de Barcelona (Rosario Fontova)

HLV = Hemeroteca de La Vanguardia/La Vanguardia newspaper library

Pdf CIRA = CIRA, Témoignages 39-45

Cervantes virtual = http://www.cervantesvirtualcom/obra-vispr/espanoles-en-la-liberacion-de-francia-19391945—-O/html/ffdeef08-82b1-11df-acc7-002185ce6064_8.html

Xaintrie = https://www.xaintrie-passions.vpm/les-republicains-espagmols-du-barrage de-l-aigle/ https://www.xaintrie-passions.com/les-republicains-espagnols-su-barrage-de-l-aigle/

Lib jil = Libertarios del Jiloca, pdf by Agustín Martín Soriano

Arc FAL = Archives of the Fundación Anselmo Lorenzo

Y ahora volved = Y ahora, volved a vuestras casas (Evelyn Mesquida)

Free to fight = Free to fight again. RAF escapes & evasions, 1940/1945 (Alan W Cooper)

Link = http://www.aipn.org/areeg/29panneaux.pdf

Corinne = http://corinneflores.blogspot.com/search?updated-max+2018-10-16T03:50:00-07&max-results=&start=77&start=by-date+false

Mazaleón = http://mazaleonrepresaliada.com/personas/cortes-cubeles-soledad

BICEL = BICEL No 27, review published by the FAL

Anar bearn = Anarchist in Bearn, my own archive

Miguel = Archive of historian Miguel Sans

Luis = Book and appendices by historian Luis Pérez Berasaluce

Espías = Espías, contrabando, maquis y evasión (Ferrán Sánchez Agustí)

Rufat = La vida clandestina del movimiento libertario español en la época de 1939 a 1951 (unpublished work of Ramón Rufat)

Miguel Vega = Miguel Vega. Episodios personales. Pdf

Melich = A cada cual su exilio, by Enric Melich

Bulletin = Bulletin d’information des anciens guérrilleros

La revolta = La revolta dels quixots (by Oriol Malló)

Exiles = https://issuu.com/loubatieres/docs/exiles_espgnols_la_memoire_a_vif

Ángulo = El Ángulo muerto. Ni cautivos ni desarmados

Maitron = https://maitron.fr/

Mémoire = https://www.memoiredeshommes.sga.defense.gouv.fr/es

It is my honest hope that this catalogue of names, plus the ones that will shortly be following it, can help people in their research or enquiries, or simply ensure that their memory and their actions are not forgotten …

















 

IMANOL

ROLL-CALL OF ANARCHISTS IN THE RESISTANCE AND ESCAPE LINES

 

 

NAME

SERVICE DETAILS

AKA

SOURCE OF INFORMATION

A., Honorato

Savoie, Group leader

 

Dictionnaire

ABAD, José

Picaussel maquis/ACUN

 

 

ABAD GARCÍA, Inocente

L’Aigle Dam, Cantal department

 

Dictionnaire

ÁBALOS LARA, Antonio

 

 

p6@2

ABARCAMEZ, Francisco

St Malo, Ballots

 

p 5@

ABELLA

Picaussel maquis/ACUN

 

FAL Archive DCS01323

ABELLA PI, Joaquín

1st Company, Lot department

 

Dictionnaire

ABELLÁN LÓPEZ, Pedro

Cévennes, Ardèche, Gard departments

el Churro

p7@, p. 213 Ultimo frente

ADAM BENAVENT, Pedro

Marseilles

 

Dictionnaire

ADROVER FONT, Pedro

 

Yayo

Los de la sierra

AGUILERA CARLES, Rafael

Compiègne

 

p25@

AGUADO ANDREU, Salvador

Escape lines & Ponzán Group

 

 

AGUADO, Francisco

Grenade maquis, Haute Garonne

 

p1140@/Dictionnaire

ALBA, Pedro

Roland group, sergeant, Dordogne

 

p36@, p. 213 Ultimo frente, p195 republicanos espanoles

ALBALAT RIPOLLÉS, José

Ponzán group guide

 

p395 red de evasión

ALBESA SEGURA, Juan Bautista

 

Bautista

redes de evasión, p57@2

ALCÁCER, Albert Juan

Sara Berenguer’s group

 

p59@2

ALFONSO, Mateo

group leader, Isère

 

p377 ultima gesta

ALFONSO SALINAS, Rafael

 

 

Dictionnaire

ALGUACIL PASCUAL, Acensión

 

 

p78@2

ALLENDE SAIZ, Luciano

Death Battalion, Savoie

Toto

p56@, p213, ultimo frente

ALONSO, Antonio

 

 

p57@

ALONSO, Ginés

Lavelanet, Ariège department

 

p58@

ALONSOMEZ, Andrés

La Croix Rousse, Lyon

 

Dictionnaire

ALONSO SALINAS, Rafael

 

 

Dictionnaire

ALPUENTE, Jose

Bidon 5

 

https://oscarespagne.wordpress.com/page/1/

ALTARRIBE LOPE, Antonio

Creuse

 

Arte

ÁLVAREZ FERRERAS, Félix

Cluny maquis, Saône-et-Loire

 

p214, ultimo frente

ÁLVAREZ YUSTE, Luis

No5 Company, FFI, Anjou, Isère

 

https://espana36.pagesperso-orange.fr/courrier.avjuin07.html

AMAT PICÓN, Luis

Marseilles

 

p122@2

AMIR GRUAÑAS, Santiago

Escape lines

Sheriff

los de la sierra

AMORÓS CLÚA, José

 

 

p129@2

AMORÓS VIDAL, Jaime

Toulouse

Liberto

los de la sierra

ANDREU FONTCUBERTA, Joan

Castres; Robur Alfred network

 

BICEL27p17

ANDÚJARPEZ, Martín

Montagne noir/ Aude department

 

p93@, p213 ultimo frente

ANGULO MONTOYA, Roque

Massif Central

 

p96@

ORO, Eulogio

Querigut area in the Ariège, group leader

Maño

p97@, p361 ultima gesta

ARAGÜÉS GARCÍA, Jesús

Bager d’Arudy maquis, Bearn/ACUN

 

p213 ultimo frente

ARANSAEZ CAICEDO, Julián Ángel

Aveyron, L’Aigle dam, Cantal

 

p107@p213 ultimo frente

ARAZO GARCÍA, Daniel

Montignac, Dordogne

 

Josep Ester, republicanos p.692

ARCAL, Félix

Brittany

 

Dictionnaire

ARCAS MOREDA, Miguel

Bir Hakeim maquis, Gard, Cévennes, Ardèche

Victor

p110@, p213 ultimo frente/ Y ahora volved

ARGUILE GARCÍA, Mariano

Ponzán network

 

Mémoire

ARMESTO SANZ, Cándido

Haute Garonne department

 

Dictionnaire

ARNAL MUR, Martín

Grupo II, Hautes-Pyrénées

 

Angüés

ARMAU, Joan

10th Brigade, Basses Pyrénées, ACUN military secretary

Capitán Arnau

ACUN

AROLAS, José

Tulle area, Corrèze department

 

p124@

AROLAS SEÑAR, José

Escape lines. Later with Sees Orne maquis group

 

https://ofpra.gouv.fr/default/files/atoms/files/publication_espagne_juin-2020_interactif.pdf

ARREDONDO ALMODÓVAR, Ramón

L’Aigle dam, Didier Battalion, Cantal

 

xaintries

ARRIBAS CALERO, Antonio

 

 

p127@p272 republicanos españoles

ARRIBAS MURILLO, Justo

Savoie, Group leader

el Maño

p127@p213 ultimo frente

ARROYO, Andrés

Cévennes, Ardèche, ACUN

 

p2123 ultimo frente

ARROYO FRAILE, Lucio

Aude and Ariège departments

Tuerto de Teruel

p128@

ARRUFAT, Juan

ACUN

 

p129@

ARTEAGA CERÓN, Pantaleón

La Vapeur group

 

p405rastro de

ARTIGAS, Antonio

ACUN

 

p130@

ASENS GIOL, José

L’Aigle dam, Didier Battalion, Cantal

 

Dictionnaire

ASENS VALERA, José

L’Aigle dam, Didier Battalion, Cantal

 

xaintries

ASENCIO, Domingo

Lavelanet, 3rd Brigade, Ariège, ACUN

 

ACUN Soli20

ASENSIO

26th Division, 3rd Brigade, ACUN

 

ACUN

AVELLANA, Mariano

9th Brigade, Aveyron, ACUN

 

p144@, p19maquis anarquista

AYZA i ZARAGOZA, Carlos

Maxime Gorki group? Morvant, Côte d’or, Bourgogne

 

ARC FAL

de AZIL, Luis

Pedehourat maquis, Louvie-Juzon

 

p213ultimo frente

BAILÓ MATA, Francisco

Lyon

 

La Vanguardia 13-1-1950

BAILÓ MATA, José

Lyon

 

Y ahora volved

BALAGUER ALFARO, Vicente

L’Aigle dam, Cantal, sergeant

 

p157@, p213 ultimo frente

BALDRICH FORNÉ, Joaquím

Escape lines

Quimet

anarcoefe 2/2

BALLARÍN CANTÓN, Orencio

9th Brigade, Aveyron, ACUN

 

p181@, p18 maquis anarquista

BALLESTA URREA, Casto

Limoges area, Massif Central, Haute Vienne and Corrèze departments, group leader

 

p161@, p377ultima gesta

BALLESTEROS BALLESTERO, Juan Manuel

Brittany

el Bicicleta

Dictionnaire

BALLESTEROS, Valentín

24th Division, 3rd Brigade, Charente Maritime, ACUN

 

 

BARBA, Jaime

Ebro Section, Glières, Haute Savoie

 

p214 ultimo frente

BARBERÁ BLANCH, Floreal

Ponzán group

 

p67 Daniel Arasa

BARBOA, Domingo

Pic Violent maquis in Cantal

 

p212 ultimo frente

BARBOSA GIRO, Miguel

Mauriac, group leader, L’Aigle dam maquis, Didier Battalion in Cantal

Manuel

p212 ultimo frente

BARRAGÁN, Gabriel

Fumel, Lot department

 

Evidence of Pedro Flores Martínez

BARON FERRER, Zacarías

L’Aigle dam, Didier Battalion, Cantal

 

xaintries

BARONA CASTRO, Florentino

Chocolate group, L’Aigle dam, Didier Battalion, Cantal

 

xaintries

BARRIERAS TIERZ, José

La Vapeur group, Savoie

 

p188@

BASELGA CATALÁN, Aquilino

35th Brigade, ACUN

Aquiles

p196@, maquis anarquista

BASERVE ROMÁNS, Juan

L’Aigle dam, Didier Battalion, Cantal

 

xaintries

BASORA ALZAMORA, Isidro

 

 

p197@

BASSA, Ángel

 

 

p197@

BASTIDA FONTÁN, Ángel

Gers

 

p198@

BASTIDA FONTÁN, Eugenio

Gers

 

p198@

BAULO, Ernesto

Brittany

 

p118 pdf CIRA

BAZAL RODRÍGUEZ, Luis

Toulouse and Béziers

 

arcPAT

BECERRA, Antonio

Pyrénées Orientales

 

p311@2

BELMONTE, Juan

ACUN

 

p319@

BENAIGES, Alejandro

Morlaix, Brittany

 

Josep Ester Papers

BENAVENTE, Félix

 

 

p210@

BENÍTEZ GRIÑÓ, Salvador

 

Botones

p327@2

BERBEL, Martín

Savoie, Group leader

 

p332@2

BERENGUER LAOSA, Sara

Aude, Ariège, Haute Garonne departments

 

 

BERGA ORTAL, Francisco

L’Aigle dam, Cantal

 

xaintries

BERGÉS ARDERIU, Manuel

 

 

maquis anarquista

BERGUER, Miguel

Tarn-et-Garonne department, ACUN

 

ACUN Soli

BERNABEU, Santiago

Aude department

 

Bulletin 103

BERNAD REBULLIDA, Ángel

Poujol-sur-Orb, group leader, Hérault department

 

p220@

BERNADO CALCATO, Amadeo

 

 

p220@

BERROCAL, Agustín

Bordeaux

 

link

BERROCAL MARTÍN, Juliana

Bordeaux

 

link

BERROCAL PADILLA, Juan

ACUN, Bordeaux

 

PCE Historical Archive

BERRUEZO SILVENTE, José

L’Aigle dam maquis, Cantal department

Clarín

 

BIELSA, Antonio

9th Brigade, Hautes Pyrénées, ACUN

 

Angüés

BINIMELIS CASTELL, Gabriel

Haute Garonne department

 

p228@

BLASCO , Eusebio

Beadry maquis, Sâone-et-Loire department

Jacques

Josep Ester

BLESA, Joaquín

Antenne maritime, Paris

 

p239@, p408 republicanos espanoles

BOIX CORACHÁN, Jaime

Captain with the FFI

 

Modp155

BORALLA , Joan

Ariège department ACUN

Sevilla

 

BORAUEZ, Hilario

Col de la Marie Blanque maquis, 10th Brigade

 

p131maquis alt ara

BORRÁS

Manini Group, Basses Pyrénées

 

anar bearn

BORRÁS COLOMER, Andrés

Libertad Battalion

 

p250@ Bat Libertad 4a

BORRÁS CASCAROSA, José

Ponzán group

 

p251@

BORREA, Francisco

ACUN

 

Luis anexo 7

BORREGUERO GARCÍA, José

L’Aigle dam, Didier Battalion, Cantal

 

xaintrie

BOTEY BADOSA, Francisco

Worked with André Arru in Marseilles

 

Dictionnaire

BRETÓS CRISTOFOL, Antonieta

Ponzán network

 

Mémoire

BROTO TRILLO, Agustín

 

 

p264@

BRUN, Vicente

 

 

p267@

BRUSAU SANZ, Leonardo

 

 

p528 Angüés

BUENO, Ángel

Basses Pyrénées/ a Murcian

 

p138 republicanos españoles

BUENO DIESTE, José María

Vercors

 

p270@, p451 Angüés

BUENO GIL, Miguel

Ponzán group

 

p270@

BUENO VELA, Alfonsina

Ponzán group

 

p419@2

BUENO VELA, José

Ponzán group

 

p271@

BUJÁN CASTIÑEIRAS, Luis

 

 

p183 o movemento

BURGUETE TRIAN, Santiago

L’Aigle dam maquis, Didier Battalion, Cantal

el Chispa

Dictionnaire

BURRUENCO PORENNA, Joaquín

L’Aigle dam maquis, Didier Battalion, Cantal

 

xaintrie

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


From https://www.elsaltodiario.com/ni-cautivos-ni-desarmados/censo-de-anarquistas-en-la-resistencia-francesa-y-redes-de-evasion.-1a-parte

Translated by: Paul Sharkey.